Which “Disability” Program for All Primary Candidates Republicans? Bruno Le Mayor expresses himself. If elected, he intends to make disability the great national cause of his five-year term …
In view of the 2017 presidential elections, handicap.fr wishes to give the floor to all major party candidates, as well as to the declared candidates, on their disability policy. We have submitted the same questionnaire to them in writing, and publish the answers as they were given to us, without retouching.
Unlike previous elections, several candidates for the next presidential election seem to want to speak more about the issue of disability. Would some politicians have realized that 10% of the population is an electorate that can not be neglected?
Bruno Le Maire: I carry a political project that is addressed to all French people, without exception. There is no question of further cleaving the population or failing to address the concerns of many families living with disabilities on a daily basis. Since 2012, during my travels, everywhere in France, I met families, children, adults with disabilities who questioned me about their difficulties, their worries, but who also have the rage to fight, envy, energy and proposals to move forward, hope that things change. The presidential contract that I propose to the French results from these meetings, from these discussions and from the conviction that disability is part of our life and founds a personal identity that is a rich learning experience for others if it is shared. I will make disability the great national cause of my five years to change the political message, carried by elected officials, business leaders, artists, athletes, women and men who, by asserting their differences, will advance the mentality. For that, it is not necessary to adopt a new law but it is necessary a clear political will and concrete means of action to ensure the effective implementation of the principles of autonomy and accessibility posed by the 2005 law. A policy centered on pedagogy, awareness raising, the training of all actors with incentives based on exemplarity, innovation and good practices. Throughout our territory, solidarity is expressed through local initiatives: temporary reception systems, relays, respite to support families, businesses that allow people who are distant from work due to their disability to find a home. work and the pride that goes with it, students, researchers who create digital tools to facilitate the communication of people who are deprived of it. I believe in the will of the actors on the ground. Let’s empower them to transform society. The society we want is a just society where everyone finds their place and their pride!
H.fr: In this primary, what sets you apart from other LR candidates on the issue of disability?
BLM: It is not a question of distinguishing oneself but of answering the concerns and the priorities of all the French people who are education and employment. Education is at the heart of my project. In order to fight against too often depraved representations, discriminations that still affect too many people with disabilities, to build a society open to differences, it is essential to act from an early age in school. I want to finish with a school that “sorts” and build a school that opens. Attention to education for children with disabilities is paramount: training and support for teachers, professionalization of carers, development of resource centers and expertise to schools. Access for people with disabilities to initial and in-service training is the safest way for them to acquire skills that are sought after in the labor market and adapted to the needs of businesses. Rather than social assistance for all, our project aims to allow everyone to have a job and the pride of living from this work. Social assistance must go to those who need it most, and solidarity, which is the pride and strength of our Nation, especially to people with disabilities, must be meaningful.
H.fr: What would be your flagship measure in terms of disability if you came to power?
BLM: In terms of method of government first of all since this subject deserves to be raised to the highest level of the state and systematically included in the bills debated by the assemblies. In all cases, the common law must prevail over any other form of derogation or specialization of the accompaniment. An interdepartmental action plan will set objectives opposable to each of the departments on the subjects identified as having priority: education, employment, justice, health, environmental accessibility. One of the flagship measures that we will present will be for families to support them and guarantee quality and continuity of support by putting an end to the social security contributions for home-based employers at the SMIC level, ie € 2.42 / hour. ‘saved. The education project and the reform of our education system will also be a priority.
H.fr: Should we really throw the stone to the government of Manuel Valls in terms of accessibility of public places when he inherits a situation that has fallen behind in other majorities than his?
BLM: A new setback, on the respect of clearly established obligations, would lead to a long-term discrediting of the objective of accessibility. Dialogue and prevention actions before the deadline have to be put in place, in a targeted and relevant way. The principle of reasonable accessibility must be supported and financially supported, and the financial penalties must be applied in order to reinject these sums to finance actions to help accessibility. Several French cities have shown the way by drawing inspiration from the good practices of our European neighbors, we must strengthen this movement.
H.fr: Because school is the nerve of the war in terms of inclusion, “a” flagship measure for the education of children with disabilities?
BLM: As I have already pointed out, this is for me, and above all for the families and children concerned, the priority project. Learning is not just about acquiring knowledge, but also know-how and knowing how to be in society. All children with disabilities are able to learn and progress, but they need a much more structured educational environment adapted to their functioning. Each student must have an “individualized learning plan”, arranged with him and his family. The school system must seek active collaboration with the family. The school integration project, developed as part of a strengthened collaboration between the school and the specialized structures, must be fully integrated into the school project and be implemented by a staff (management, teachers, auxiliary staff). specially trained school children (AVS), paramedical professionals, etc.). To make the school more inclusive, it is important to recognize the function of the AVS as a profession, but we must also strongly involve the teachers who are responsible for the pedagogical situations. Nothing can be done without the help of teachers, and without an evolution of their approaches. For this, we will renew the policy of initial and continuous teacher training.
H.fr: Because the unemployment of disabled people is twice the national average, what would be your priority measure?
BLM: Unemployment is a scourge for French society as a whole. However, the President of the Republic does not create growth or employment. Its responsibility is to create the most favorable environment possible for companies and to revolutionize the education system. If the access of people with disabilities to training is essential to enable them to have skills, it is also necessary to help companies better understand the realities of disability by informing them and guiding them in the process of professional integration. sustainable development of employees with disabilities. We can also reduce the cost of work by decreasing costs and financial assistance in a targeted and personalized way. This financial aid does not weigh on the public finances but corresponds to the “repayment” to the employer of a part of what would have cost the reception of the person in ESAT (establishment and help service by work) by example, or leaving the job.
H.fr: The Republicans had the distinction of being the only party to have a movement activist activist as Handipop, which was the voice of people with disabilities. Would he have disappeared?
BLM: This movement of right-wing elected representatives has not disappeared, and remains a source of reflection and proposals on the issue of disability. In my political team, elected officials carry these subjects, like Damien Abad or Mathieu Annereau.
H.fr: Unlike American candidates who have not shone by the accessibility of their campaign (article in link below), do you intend to make an effort in this direction, for example velotype at conferences, websites to standards, accessibility of meetings, so that people with disabilities can also take part in the democratic debate?
BLM: I am the only candidate to have officially asked the organizing commission of the primary accessibility of the debates, via a transcript in sign language and a suitable subtitling. The request has been transmitted to the television channels, with the result that we know. We still have a lot of progress to make in France in this area, and particularly on the representation of disability in the media.
H.fr: Anything else to add?
BLM: We need to change and renew the political class so that it is more representative of French society. I met thousands of people, some with disabilities, who want to change things and who believe in the project that I wear: they join us!